What are some risk factors for progressing from episodic migraine progress to chronic migraine?


Risk factors for chronic migraine include anxiety, depression, and genetics. Other factors include a history of psychological or physical trauma and/or abuse, having had a head injury, and having problems sleeping.


“Having had a head injury is a risk factor, not sleeping well, snoring is a risk factor, perhaps anxiety and depression may be a risk factor, but largely I think it's the genetic burden. Another important one that may make a difference is psychological or physical trauma in the past, and abuse are also risk factors.”

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William Young

William B. Young, MD

Neurologist and Headache Specialist
Jefferson Headache Center

Dr. William Young is a world-renowned pioneer in the field of migraine. He serves as the director of the Jefferson Headache Center in Philadelphia. He instructs neurologists on headache medicine and regularly publishes research on the topic. He is board-certified in neurology, psychiatry, and headache medicine. Dr. Young is a passionate advocate on eradicating the stigma of migraine. He fights on Capitol Hill for greater funding and research on migraine. In addition to his roles at the American Headache Society and the American Academy of Neurology, he is also president of the Alliance for Headache Disorders.